Being a new product, the information on the Ubiquiti wiki and forums was slim so I decided to dig in and figure it out on my own. Along the way I found a few mistakes in the forums and now I want to share my information.
Here is the goal: Connect a Ubiquiti UVP phone to FreePBX gateway without the USG security gateway. I don’t hate the USG, I just don’t want or need one.
Option 1: Use what Ubiquiti terms the SIP standalone configuration. I will not cover that because it is handled pretty well here.
Option 2: Use the UniFi controller to quickly manage and provision the Ubiquiti UVP phones. This is the most elegant solution. Why?
- You continue using your existing PBX (provided you have one).
- You can manage phone updates, and provisioning quickly from the UniFi controller.
Sounds easy right? Well, it wasn’t for me as there are many holes in the documentation (in all fairness, they are working on this so I am not beating up Ubiquiti but of course I need to know how to do this NOW!) and the software was not very intuitive at least for me. I am sure it will improve quickly.
- Install the version 4 controller on your favorite platform, for me that was Unbutu as a guest on Vsphere. Log in.
- Set up static DNS to point to the off site controller. This is called Layer 3 adoption and is covered elsewhere ad nauseam.
- Fire up the phone and adopt it. Again, there can be some issues and hiccups here, check the wiki, check the forums.
- Configure your FreePBX server by adding an extension. This is where one key piece of information was lacking, codec exclusion. The UVP tried to use codecs not supported by my PBX. The result was I could receive calls but not place calls. The call would begin and then I got error “Error #503 The server is undergoing maintenance…”. Dialing local extensions the error was “Call ended.” Doing a debug in asterix I saw the following:
v=0 o=- 3642429197 3642429197 IN IP4 126.96.36.199 s=pjmedia b=AS:84 t=0 0 a=X-nat:0 m=audio 4060 RTP/AVP 9 0 8 104 99 97 98 3 96 c=IN IP4 188.8.131.52 b=TIAS:64000 a=rtcp:4061 IN IP4 192.168.89.253 a=sendrecv a=rtpmap:9 G722/8000 a=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000 a=rtpmap:8 PCMA/8000 a=rtpmap:104 iLBC/8000 a=fmtp:104 mode=30 a=rtpmap:99 speex/32000 a=rtpmap:97 speex/8000 a=rtpmap:98 speex/16000 a=rtpmap:3 GSM/8000 a=rtpmap:96 telephone-event/8000 a=fmtp:96 0-16
My guess was the UVP was trying to use codecs I did not have. The solution is to disallow those codecs in your extension config on that extension. SO, to create the extension, follow this guide HERE but add this step to the Device Options:
Now, they may have updated their guide by the time you read this because I submitted this as a revision to the wiki article. Yes, you are welcome! 🙂
The important line here is disallow “iLBC&speex&GSM&PCMA&PCMU”. Maybe you use those codecs and maybe they work for you but if they do, you probably aren’t reading this.
Save the extension and Apply.
Configuring the Controller
Again, not a lot of information to work with so I will try and fill in the holes. Open the controller in your web browser (again, covered elsewhere) and adopt the UVP. There are many people with issues adopting the UVP and that is covered well in the forums. My issue was firewall, I turned it off on the controller and the phone appeared immediately. After adoption, upgrade the phone if necessary, always a good practice.
Then click the Settings button lower left.
1.-Click VOIP, 2-Enable it, Apply and then click 3-Setup:
Then click 1-Extensions and fill in all the information marked by arrows. The extension number should match your FreePBX extension (but not mandatory), the name can be anything, select the phone you recently adopted to assign it to that extension, and fill in the use name (extension number you previously created in FreePBX) and password and click Save.
Continue this process for each phone, assigning each extension to a different UVP. The autoresponder extension is there by default and you are stuck with it and without the USG you don’t need it.
That’s it! Any changes made here will be pushed out to the phone almost immediately. I changed my name from Steve to Steve Discher and 5 seconds later my phone displayed the new name.
Good luck and enjoy your Ubiquiti UniFi UVP!